2. Definition of Sturm und Drang. The Columbia Encyclopedia, Hans Jakob Christoffel von Grimmelshausen, Anthony Ulrich, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sturm_und_Drang&oldid=998853779, Articles needing additional references from January 2017, All articles needing additional references, Wikipedia articles with WorldCat-VIAF identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Symphonies, keyboard concertos and sonatas including Symphony in E minor Wq. Major philosophical/theoretical influences on the literary Sturm und Drang movement were Johann Georg Hamann (especially the 1762 text Aesthetica in nuce. He developed a strong relationship with Goethe, one of the most influential writers of the time (Wilson and Goldfarb 287). Etymology: From Sturm und Drang. WordNet 3.6. n Sturm und Drang a state of violent disturbance and disorder (as in politics or social conditions generally) "the industrial revolution was a period of great turbulence" *** Usage. The page not only provides Urdu meaning of Sturm Und Drang but also gives extensive definition in English language. Preminger, Alex; Brogan, T. V. F. 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'. The band has sold over 200,000 records. Kabale und Liebe als typisches Werk des Sturm und Drang Bestreben der Gleichheit aller (keine Unterdrückung bzw. Many writers of the Sturm und Drang movement considered themselves to be challengers of the Enlightenment. One point of view would limit the movement to Goethe, Johann Gottfried Herder, Jakob Michael Reinhold Lenz, and their direct German associates writing works of fiction and/or philosophy between 1770 and the early 1780s. , Sturm und Drang came to be associated with literature or music aimed at shocking the audience or imbuing them with extremes of emotion. The literary topos of the "Kraftmensch" existed as a precursor to Sturm und Drang among dramatists beginning with F.M. This play also uses a vast array of colorful language to demonstrate the variety of characters and their social statuses. He also worked with the Abel Seyler troupe for a year and a half (Pascal 132). 14. • STURM UND DRANG (noun) The noun STURM UND DRANG has 1 sense:. Noun. Related words - Sturm und Drang synonyms, antonyms, hypernyms and hyponyms. Epoche-Werke-Wirkung. Delivered to your inbox! Definition of Sturm und drang. Although the literary movement was well known in Germany in the late 1700s, the term "Sturm und Drang" didn’t appear in English prose until the mid-1800s. The Works during this period often feature a newly impassioned or agitated element; however, Haydn never mentions Sturm und Drang as a motivation for his new compositional style, and there remains an overarching adherence to classical form and motivic unity.  The setting of the play is the unfolding American Revolution, in which the author gives violent expression to difficult emotions and extols individuality and subjectivity over the prevailing order of rationalism. Sturm und Drang (n.) 1. a state of violent disturbance and disorder (as in politics or social conditions generally) "the industrial revolution was a … More from Merriam-Webster on Sturm und Drang, Thesaurus: All synonyms and antonyms for Sturm und Drang. The theatre director Abel Seyler, the owner of the Seylersche Schauspiel-Gesellschaft, had an important role in promoting the Sturm und Drang poets. Also the name of a gun (Sturm-Ruger) and an 18th century cultural movement (Sturm und Drang = storm and stress) which encouraged people to speak as they wanted without constraint. Here, orchestral accompaniment provides an intense underlay of vivid tone-painting to the solo recitative. In Lenz’s works, tragedies feature characters that make decisions that cause events, and in comedies a resolute milieu pushes and pulls the character through events (Liedner xi). Franz is cast as a villain attempting to cheat Karl out of his inheritance, though the motives for his action are complex and initiate a thorough investigation of good and evil. He went on to write “Notes on the Theatre”, The New Menoza and Der Hofmeister (“The Tutor”) in 1774, Pandemonium Germanicum in 1775, and Die Soldaten (“The Soldiers”) in 1776 (Liedner xi). Sturm und Drang (/ ˌ ʃ t ʊər m ʊ n t ˈ d r æ ŋ, ˈ d r ɑː ŋ /; German pronunciation: [ˈʃtʊɐ̯m ʊnt ˈdʁaŋ], literally "storm and drive", though usually translated as "storm and stress") was a proto-Romantic movement in German literature and music that occurred between the late 1760s and early 1780s. Sturm und Drang (/ˌʃtʊərm ʊnt ˈdræŋ, ˈdrɑːŋ/; German pronunciation: [ˈʃtʊɐ̯m ʊnt ˈdʁaŋ], literally "storm and drive", though usually translated as "storm and stress") was a proto-Romantic movement in German literature and music that occurred between the late 1760s and early 1780s. Definition of Sturm und Drang in the AudioEnglish.org Dictionary. Example sentences containing Sturm und Drang Eine Rhapsodie in kabbalistischer Prose) and Johann Gottfried Herder, both from Königsberg, and both formerly in contact with Immanuel Kant. This seemingly spontaneous movement became associated with a wide array of German authors and composers of the mid-to-late Classical period. It marked an era in which self-expression was paramount, an era in which one’s darkest emotions and most triumphant accomplishments could be celebrated with explosive honesty and sincerity. 2, pp. Print. Information and translations of STURM UND DRANG in the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the web. The band currently consists of lead singer/guitarist André Linman, guitarist Jani Kuoppamaa, keyboardist Jesper Welroos, bassist/backing vocalist Joel Wendlin and drummer/backing vocalist Calle Fahllund, following the departures of bassist Henrik Kurkiala and guitarist Alexander Ivars. Preminger, Alex; Brogan, T. V. F. The Sturm und Drang movement was brief, but it set a fire that still burns intensely today. A force of nature. Collins English Dictionary. Friedrich Schiller's drama, Die Räuber (1781), provided the groundwork for melodrama to become a recognized dramatic form. n. 1. Sturm und Drang in British English. A force of nature. STURM UND DRANG 'STURM UND DRANG' is a 13 letter phrase starting with S and ending with G Crossword clues for 'STURM UND DRANG' C. PMLA, Vol. Sturm und drang DEFINITION A style of composition that communicates emotions of stress, fear, horror, anxiety, etc. Johann Wolfgang von Goethe was born in August 1749, in the Free Imperial City of Frankfurt, Holy Roman Empire. Illustrating an undesirable, conflicted character with no power over her situation who does whatever she can to get through her current state, The Soldiers displays a “well-observed world where one’s identity is fluid – and hopelessly entangled in the social and linguistic environment” (Liedner xi). Sturm und drang DEFINITION A style of composition that communicates emotions of stress, fear, horror, anxiety, etc. Although almost accidental in origin, the term ‘Sturm und Drang’ reflected ancient Stoic concepts of tempestas and affectus, according to Heckscher (1966–7), now positively rather than negatively valorized with regard to artistic creation. drang definition in theGerman definition dictionary from Reverso, drang meaning, see also 'Sturm und Drang',dran',drängen',drängeln', conjugation, German vocabulary Some of Klinger’s works include Die Zwillinge (1776), Die neue Arria (1776), Simsone Grisaldo (1776), and Stilpo und seine Kinder (1780). Ständewesen ) Bürgerliche Hauptcharakter Ohne Gleichheit aller, wäre die Liebe der beiden nicht möglich Unüberlegte und oft freie Sprache Sturm und Drang Nevertheless, relative to the influence of Sturm und Drang on literature, the influence on musical composition was limited, and many efforts to label music as conforming to this trend are tenuous at best. Dictionary entry overview: What does Sturm und Drang mean? 1 : a late 18th century German literary movement characterized by works containing rousing action and high emotionalism that often … quotations ▼ Turmoil; a period of emotional intensity and anxiety. Sturm Und Drang meaning and example sentences with sturm und drang. quotations ▼ For them, sentimentality and an objective view of life gave way to emotional turbulence and individuality, and enlightenment ideals such as rationalism, empiricism, and universalism no longer captured the human condition; emotional extremes and subjectivity became the vogue during the late 18th century. Meaning of Sturm und Drang. The aristocracy gained power as the ruling class, furthering the divide and increasing tensions between the classes (Liedner viii). Christoph Willibald Gluck's 1761 ballet, Don Juan, heralded the emergence of Sturm und Drang in music; the program notes explicitly indicated that the D minor finale was to evoke fear in the listener. Der Sturm und Drang (auch bezeichnet als Geniezeit und Genieperiode) war eine geistige und literarische Strömung in Deutschland, die in der Zeit von 1760 bis 1785 angesiedelt ist. French neoclassicism (including French neoclassical theatre), a movement beginning in the early Baroque, with its emphasis on the rational, was the principal target of rebellion for adherents of the Sturm und Drang movement. ‘The Sturm und Drang of Luther was safely domesticated in Lutheranism.’ ‘All of this Sturm und Drang will probably result in legislation forcing a further review that includes Congress in an oversight role.’ ‘The happy Menuetto of the third movement is contrasted with a Trio of an almost Sturm und Drang feel.’ (eds.). What does Sturm und Drang mean? Although it’s now a generic synonym of "turmoil," the term was originally used in English to identify a late 18th-century German literary movement whose works were filled with rousing action and high emotionalism, and often dealt with an individual rebelling against the injustices of society. Sturm und Drang are a five-member heavy metal band with power metal and hard rock influences from Vaasa, Finland.Sturm und Drang have released two studio albums and toured places like Europe, Scandinavia and Japan. Leidner, Alan C. Sturm Und Drang: The German Library. Klinger utilized a defining characteristic of Sturm und Drang when he mixed aspects of comedy and tragedy throughout the play, stating “ the deepest tragic emotion continually alternates with laughter and joviality" (Liedner xiii). This idea of feeling unable to change one's situation is typical of many Sturm und Drang plays. Sturm und Drang (1770–76). Most people chose this as the best definition of sturm-und-drang: Turmoil; ferment.... See the dictionary meaning, pronunciation, and sentence examples. Though it is argued that literature and music associated with Sturm und Drang predate this seminal work, it was from this point that German artists became distinctly self-conscious of a new aesthetic. Sturm und Drang is a Finland-Swedish heavy metal/hard rock band from Vaasa, Finland, formed in 2004.The band currently consists of lead singer/guitarist André Linman, guitarist Jani Kuoppamaa, keyboardist Jesper Welroos, bassist/backing vocalist Joel Wendlin and drummer/backing vocalist Calle Fahllund, following the departures of bassist Henrik Kurkiala and guitarist Alexander Ivars. Though Haydn may not have been consciously affirming the anti-rational ideals of Sturm und Drang, one can certainly perceive the influence of contemporary trends in musical theatre on his instrumental works during this period. Leidner, Alan. New York: The Continuum Publishing Company, 1992. Although sharing aspects of neoclassical plays, such as a fairly simple plot and very few changes in the setting, it breaks away from the neoclassical idea that the protagonist must be of noble descent. Within the movement, individual subjectivity and, in particular, extremes of emotion were given free expression in reaction to the perceived constraints of rationalism imposed by the Enlightenment and associated aesthetic movements. 104, No. The Classical period music (1750–1800) associated with Sturm und Drang is predominantly written in a minor key to convey difficult or depressing sentiments. The best of the Stürmer und Dränger grew out of their Sturm und Drang, and it was necessary to indicate in what ways [Johann Gottfried] Herder and [Johann Wolfgang von] Goethe changed as they grew older. Proper usage and audio pronunciation (plus IPA phonetic transcription) of the word Sturm und Drang. This page was last edited on 7 January 2021, at 09:20. The Sturm und Drang movement rebelled against all the rules of neoclassicism and the enlightenment, first recognized Shakespeare as a “genius” of dramaturgy, and provided the foundation for 19th-century romanticism. Far before its time, the divergent style of Sturm und Drang shrewdly explored depression and violence with an open plot structure (Liedner ix). Both of these works are seminal examples of Sturm und Drang in German literature. After the Seven Years' War, which ended in 1763, German spirit was extremely high and Germans felt a sense of importance on a grander stage. Goethe was well known for his staging as well as his long dramatic poem Faust (Goethe's Faust) (Wilson and Goldfarb 287). Klinger’s most famous play, Sturm und Drang (1776), is the seminal piece of literature associated with the Sturm und Drang epoch. Was waren die Kennzeichen? Heinrich Leopold Wagner was born in Strasbourg on February 19, 1747. (March 1989). Friedrich Maximilian Klinger was born in Frankfurt on February 17, 1752. Sturm und Drang - definicja, synonimy, przykłady użycia. Sturm laufen',Sturm klingeln / läuten',Sturm und Drang', conjugation, German vocabulary Sturm definition in theGerman definition dictionary from Reverso, Sturm meaning, see also 'Die Zeichen stehen auf Sturm. zurück, das ursprünglich den Titel „Wirrwarr“ trug. 'All Intensive Purposes' or 'All Intents and Purposes'? Shakespeare was considered a genius among German playwrights, and was idolized for his “shattering of the dramatic unities of time, place and action; and his sharply individualized, emotionally complex characters” (Waterhouse v). Referat: Sturm und Drang Epoche INHALTSVERZEICHNIS -Entstehung der Sturm und Drang -Epoche -Hauptvertreter der Epoche -Merkmale der Epoche -Form der Literatur -Kurze Zusammenfassung des Referates -Quellenangabe ENTSTEHUNG STURM UND DRANG -EPOCHE -1767 - 1790 … London: University Press of America, Inc, 1986. v. Print. Strangely, the play is set in revolutionary America, not Germany. Heartz, Daniel and Bruce Alan Brown. The movement soon gave way to Weimar Classicism and early Romanticism, whereupon a socio-political concern for greater human freedom from despotism was incorporated along with a religious treatment of all things natural. Sturm und Drang - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. Did You Know? Goethe and Herder were the protagonists of the literary movement of Sturm und Drang. Sturm und Drang . In act five, his views on God “represent the most blasphemous attack on religion in German literature up to that time… [and] is a masterful work of social dynamics that takes deep German patterns of sensibility into account” (Leidner xiv). Sturm und Drang / ˈ ʃ t ʊ ɐ̯ m ʊ n t ˈ d ʁ a ŋ /  (litt. 1. New York: McGraw-Hill Companies, 2012. It is no wonder that Shakespeare, with his brilliant use of language, originality with complex plot lines and subplots, and multifaceted characters from all social classes, was seen as a model for German writers (Wilson and Goldfarb 287). Type: noun; Copy to clipboard; Details / edit; plwordnet-defs. Sturm und Drang - a state of violent disturbance and disorder (as in politics or social conditions generally); "the industrial revolution was a period of great turbulence" upheaval , turbulence political science , politics , government - the study of government of states and other political units 178–189. It marked an era in which self-expression was paramount, an era in which one’s darkest emotions and most triumphant accomplishments could be celebrated with explosive honesty and sincerity. Pulsing rhythms and syncopation are common, as are racing lines in the soprano or alto registers. , There is much debate regarding whose work should or should not be included in the canon of Sturm und Drang. Instead, this play shows how the aristocracy disrupts the lives of middle class characters (Liedner xii). He studied law at Giessen with the financial help of Goethe’s family. From German Sturm und Drang (translated as: storm and stress, literally: storm and urge/yearning), title of the 1776 play about the American Revolution, by dramatist Friedrich Maximilian von Klinger (1752-1831).  The alternative perspective is that of a literary movement inextricably linked to simultaneous developments in prose, poetry, and drama, extending its direct influence throughout the German-speaking lands until the end of the 18th century. Sturm und Drang study guide by almosttoopale includes 16 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. Learn definitions, uses, and phrases with sturm. Sturm und Drang, (German: “Storm and Stress”), German literary movement of the late 18th century that exalted nature, feeling, and human individualism and sought to overthrow the Enlightenment cult of Rationalism. With these new ideals came the sense that a new form of art capable of dethroning the extremely popular French neoclassicism was needed. Turmoil; ferment: "A book's historical roots represent another barrier; so does the personal Sturm und Drang … German word for Storm -- as in thunder storm -- duh. Germany did not have a common nationality, and the nation broke up into hundreds of small states. Die Epoche des Sturm und Drang (1765–1785) war ein ausschließlich deutsches Phänomen, das sich hauptsächlich in der Literatur niederschlug. Vienna, the center of German/Austrian music, was a cosmopolitan city with an international culture; therefore, melodically innovative and expressive works in minor keys by Haydn or Mozart from this period should generally be considered first in the broader context of musical developments taking place throughout Europe. Looking for definition of Sturm und Drang? HB Garland, Storm and Stress (London, 1952). Nazwa wywodzi się od tytułu dramatu niemieckiego pisarza Friedricha Maximiliana Klingera o tej samej nazwie. Gefühl statt Verstand oder eine ausdrucksstarke Sprache der Figuren sind nur ein paar Merkmale. Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). It's more witty and upbeat, though. Sturm und Drang explanation. Sturm und drang definition, a style or movement of German literature of the latter half of the 18th century: characterized chiefly by impetuosity of manner, exaltation of individual sensibility and intuitive perception, opposition to established forms of society and thought, and extreme nationalism. You can also find multiple synonyms or similar words of Sturm Und Drang. Six main playwrights initiated and popularized the Sturm und Drang movement: Leisewitz, Wagner, Goethe, Lenz, Klinger, and Schiller. Belmont: Thomson Schirmer. Sturm und Drang, um período de renascimento cultural na Alemanha durante o século XIX; Outros. Meaning of STURM UND DRANG. Mozart's Symphony No. C. PMLA, Vol. See more. Learn definitions, uses, and phrases with sturm. These pre-romantic works were fashionable in Germany from the 1760s on through the 1780s, illustrating a public audience for emotionally provocative artwork. A little Sturm und Drang in a teacup. Einige fliegende Blätter, a collection of essays that included commentaries by Herder on Ossian and Shakespeare, along with contributions by Goethe, Paolo Frisi (in translation from the Italian), and Justus Möser. Waterhouse, Betty. However, the movement is actually a continuation of the Enlightenment. A Sturm und Drang period is often attributed to the works of the Austrian composer Joseph Haydn from the late 1760s to early 1770s. Goethe was the director of theatre at the Weimar Theatre where he eventually ran the entire company. a German literary movement of the latter half of the 18th century, characterized by a reaction against rationalism. 6th Edition. Sturm und Drang was a proto-Romantic movement in German literature and music that occurred between the late 1760s and early 1780s. However, Sturm und Drang “makes its own distinctive contribution to 18th-century culture, bringing attention to the power of the environment as well as to the contradictory and self-defeating attitudes present in every segment of society” (Liedner ix). He was a dramatist, producer, translator, and lawyer for the traveling Abel Seyler theatre company. Below you will find example usage of this term as found in modern and/or classical literature: 1. Although famous for his Sturm und Drang style plays, many of his earlier plays were very classical in style.  The literature of Sturm und Drang features an anti-aristocratic slant while seeking to elevate all things humble, natural, or intensely real (especially whatever is painful, tormenting, or frightening). Did You Know? The definition of Sturm Und Drang is followed by practically usable example sentences which allow you to construct your own sentences based on it. Sturm und Drang definition: a German literary movement of the latter half of the 18th century, characterized by a... | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Definition. Most people chose this as the best definition of sturm-und-drang: Turmoil; ferment.... See the dictionary meaning, pronunciation, and sentence examples. A state of violent disturbance and disorder (as in politics or social conditions generally). The Sturm und Drang movement was a reaction to this lack of nationality and often dealt with the idea of living life on a smaller scale and the desire to become a part of something bigger. His first poem, Die Landplagen (“Torments of the Land”), emerged in 1769. Pronunciation of Sturm und Drang and its etymology. German, literally, storm and stress, from Sturm und Drang (1776), drama by Friedrich von Klinger †1831 German novelist and dramatist, Listen to Our Podcast about Sturm und Drang, Theme music by Joshua Stamper ©2006 New Jerusalem Music/ASCAP. The parallel movement in the visual arts can be witnessed in paintings of storms and shipwrecks showing the terror and irrational destruction wrought by nature. Print. Johann Georg Hamann, a noted German philosopher and a major promoter of the Sturm und Drang movement, “defended the native culture of the Volk and maintained that language, the root of all our experience, was richer in images and more powerful prior to the ‘abstract’ eighteenth century” (Liedner viii). 1. a state of violent disturbance and disorder (as in politics or social conditions generally) "the industrial revolution was a period of great turbulence" Sturm und Drang Definitions. Well, it's all too much Sturm und Drang for my appetite. Wagner was best known for his two plays, Die Reue nach der Tat (“The Remorse After the Deed”) in 1775 and Die Kindermorderin (“The Childmurderess”) in 1776. Writers such as Heinrich Leopold Wagner, Goethe, Lenz, Klinger, and Schiller used episodic structure, violence, and mixed genres to comment on societal rules and morals, while doubting that anything would change. He wrote his first important play, Goetz von Berlichingen in 1773, in Shakespearean style, a defining characteristic of the Sturm und Drang movement (Wilson and Goldfarb 287). Sie wurde ausgelöst durch junge Autoren, die mit der bisherigen Staatsform (Absolutismus), den gesellschaftlichen Anforderungen und den formalen Literaturverhältnissen der Aufklärung (1715–1789) brechen wollten. The philosopher Johann Georg Hamann is considered to be the ideologue of Sturm und Drang; other significant figures were Johann Anton Leisewitz, Jakob Michael Reinhold Lenz, H. L. Wagner, and Friedrich Maximilian Klinger. Sturm und Drang (shtŏŏr m′ ŏŏnt dr äng′), Literature a style or movement of German literature of the latter half of the 18th century: characterized chiefly by impetuosity of manner, exaltation of individual …  He was married to Sophie Seyler, the daughter of theatre director Abel Seyler. 26 in G minor, Op. The clearest musical connections to the self-styled Sturm und Drang movement can be found in opera and the early predecessors of program music, such as Haydn's Farewell Symphony. The most important contemporary document was the 1773 volume Von deutscher Art und Kunst. A crusade against rigid rationalism, the Sturm und Drang movement had always interested me as a writer. Top definition is 'a state of violent disturbance and disorder (as in politics or social conditions generally)'. ‘The German Sturm und Drang and the English Romantic Movement were about to sweep away the fragile lessons of the Enlightenment and reveal the dark recesses of the human soul.’ ‘Germany is another example - the movement known as Sturm und Drang (Storm and Stress) - was an independent cultural development.’ "The industrial revolution was a period of great turbulence" Sturm und Drang synonyms, Sturm und Drang pronunciation, Sturm und Drang translation, English dictionary definition of Sturm und Drang. 1. a state of violent disturbance and disorder (as in politics or social conditions generally) Familiarity information: STURM UND DRANG used as a noun is very rare. Dramatists and writers saw the stage as a venue for critique and discussion of societal issues. Define Sturm und Drang by Webster's Dictionary, WordNet Lexical Database, Dictionary of Computing, Legal Dictionary, Medical Dictionary, Dream Dictionary. Child murder was a very popular topic in the 18th century and all of the major Sturm und Drang writers used it as a subject in their writings (Waterhouse 97). Klinger, the expression of which is seen in the radical degree to which individuality need appeal to no outside authority save the self nor be tempered by rationalism. He studied law and was a member of the literary group surrounding Johann Daniel Salzmann. 3 (1772), Piano Sonata Hob. We see allusions to Shakespeare’s Romeo and Juliet through the feuds of the households, as well as All's Well That Ends Well in some of the character’s names (Liedner xiii). Many Sturm und Drang plays showed interest in how society affects the individual, a common theme in many Enlightenment plays as well. Sturm und Drang are a five-member heavy metal band with power metal and hard rock influences from Vaasa, Finland.Sturm und Drang have released two studio albums and toured places like Europe, Scandinavia and Japan. 2, pp. Sturm und Drang (uncountable) A proto- Romantic movement in German literature and music which occurred from the late 1760s to the early 1780s, emphasizing individual subjectivity and the free expression of emotions. p. 423, Learn how and when to remove this template message, http://www.grovemusic.com/shared/views/article.html?section=music.27035, Sturm und Drang. Goethe and Schiller began their careers as prominent members of the movement. Used mostly in German music of the Romantic era. (2006). Die Kindermorderin was one of the most traditional plays of the Sturm und Drang. Sturm und Drang / ˈ ʃ t ʊ ɐ̯ m ʊ n t ˈ d ʁ a ŋ /  (litt. It was also the name of an 18th century German literary movement characterized by greater expression of emotional unrest. Sturm und Drang (n.). For other uses, see, Related aesthetic and philosophical movements, E.g. Search Sturm und Drang and thousands of other words in English definition and synonym dictionary from Reverso. sturm-and-drang definition: Noun (uncountable) 1. Heckscher, William S. (1966–1967) Simiolus: Leidner, Alan. It should be stressed, however, that the very principles which forced them to burst the husk of the Sturm und Drang are in themselves a vital element within the Sturm und Drang. 25.. Sturm und Drang - a state of violent disturbance and disorder (as in politics or social conditions generally); "the industrial revolution was a period of great turbulence" upheaval , turbulence political science , politics , government - the study of government of states and other political units Copyright © HarperCollins Publishers. However, it is likely the influence of numerous minor-key works by the Czech composer Johann Baptist Wanhal (a Viennese contemporary and acquaintance of Mozart), rather than a self-conscious adherence to a German literary movement, which is responsible for the harmonic and melodic experiments in the Symphony no.